pseudonym - Currer Bell
"Conventionality is not morality", "Self-righteousness is not religion.
To attack the first is not to assail the last."
(from the preface to Jane Eyre)
Charlotte Bronte was born April 21, 1816 in Yorkshire, England
the third child of Patrick and Maria Branwell Bronte. Said to be the most
dominant and ambitious of the Brontes, Charlotte was raised in a
strict Anglican home by her clergyman father and a religious aunt
after her mother and two eldest siblings died.
She and her sister
Emily attended the Clergy Daughter's School at Cowan Bridge,
(which she would describe as Lowood School in Jane Eyre)
where conditions were so bad that two of her sisters, Maria and Elizabeth,
died and Charlotte's own health never recovered, but they were
largely educated at home. Though she tried to earn a living as both a
governess and a teacher, Charlotte missed her sisters and eventually
A writer all her life, Her first published work was a joint volume of poetry
with her sisters Anne and Emily which appeared in 1846. Charlotte
published her first novel, Jane Eyre, (Charlotte used her experiences
at the Evangelical school and as governess)
in 1847 under the manly pseudonym Currer Bell. Though controversial in
its criticism of society's treatment of impoverished women, the book
was an immediate hit. She followed the success with Shirley in 1848
and Vilette in 1853.
Charlotte was one of the first women novelist to have portrayed men and women
as equally justified in declaring their love and remains one of the most
widely read novelist in the English language.
In 1842 she and Emily went away to Brussels and Charlotte stayed on
for a year on her own. She fell in love with a married teacher, M
Heger, but he discouraged her letters to him. She eventually married
her father's Irish curate, Arthur Bell Nichols, in 1854.
(he was the fourth to propose her).
The deaths of the Bronte siblings are almost as notable as their
literary legacy. Her brother, Branwell, and Emily died in 1848, and
Anne died the following year. On March 31, 1855, Charlotte
died, during her pregnancy.
novel she ever wrote, The Professor, based on her experiences of
teaching in Brussels, was published posthumously in
The Wife's Will
On the Death of Anne Bronte
To view more of Charlotte Bronte poems:
Famous Poets and Poems
Some more of her poems includes:
[Poet's Corner Index]
Reference, Research and Source Information
The History Channel
¹Cover of Rebecca Fraser's 'Charlotte Bronte'
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