Florida Lighthouses





†As the first Secretary of the Treasury, Alexander Hamilton, was responsible for the care and
superintendence of the lights, took his responsibility seriously. many orders and contracts
concerning the Lighthouse Service ... bears the approval of Hamilton, George
Washington and Thomas Jefferson.
†The value of lighthouses to the development of maritime shipping and transportation in our
country can never be measured.
†Nor can we today appreciate the sacrifice made by lighthouse keepers and their families
who devoted -- and in some cases jeopardized their lives for the safety of others. Make
no mistake about it, lighthouse duty was often an awful existence, lonely
and boring for the great part and dangerous in times of crises.

An excerpt from:
the foreword (of Great American Lighthouses) by Sen. George J. Mitchell
The Book: Great American Lighthouses
by F. Ross Holland, Jr.


There are many Lighthouses in Florida
I believe I have all of them represented here.


NOTE: With such technology as the Global Positioning System (GPS)
the Lighthouse can still be comforting to the mariner. It is
therefore hoped that they will continue to aid and
comfort mariners and that we also will continue
to enjoy the beauty and history of these
Marine aids of the past.



Crooked River Lighthouse
Left-Crooked River Lighthouse before being Restored
for larger view click image
Photo used with permission of Stephanie Henkel, photographer
RVing Across the Florida Panhandle.

Middle: Crooked River Lighthouse Restored


Middle: Crooked River Lighthouse door/entrance before being restored
for larger view click image
Photo used with permission and taken by Carl McCaskey -- Panoramio

Right: Restored Lighthouse Entrance
for larger view click image
Photo used with permission and taken by Take My Trip


Established in 1895
115 ft tower
This station was built to replace the Dog Island Tower which was hit by a major hurricane
and swept away in Sept. of 1873. Deactived in 1995 after 116 years of service.
After the ravishes of time the Lighthouse was in need of help the Carrabelle Lighthouse
Association (CLA) was formed by a dedicated group of local citizens with the goal of
preserving, restoring, and opening the lighthouse to the public.




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Women Lightkeeper of Florida
For a short bio of keeper and/or Lighthouse-- Click on keepers name

NAME LOCATION YEARS POSITION
Rebecca Flaherty Sand Key 1830-1846 Keeper-
Barbara Mabrity Key West 1832-1861 Keeper-$500 yr.
Mrs. Michaela Ingraham Pensacola 1840-1855 Keeper-$550 yr. died
Mary Whalton Amelia Island 1849 Keeper-$400 yr
Mrs. Ann Dudley St. Marks 1850-1853 Keeper-$450 yr.
Miss Francis A. Burnham Wilson Cape Canaveral early 1850's Asst. Keeper
Mrs. Maria Andrew St. Augustine 1859-? died Keeper-$400 yr
Mrs. Winifred Woodland Amelia Island 1860-? Asst. Keeper-$250 yr
Mrs. Caroline Mulloy(Molloy) Cedar Keys 1861 Asst. Keeper-$200 yr
Ellen McCormick Pensacola 1864-1867 removed Asst. Keeper-$400
Mrs.Josephine Daniels St. Johns River (1864)1867-1868 resigned Asst. Keeper-$300 later $400 yr
Miss Martha V. Watts Pensacola 1867-1869 resigned Asst. Keeper
Mary J. Madden Pensacola 1869 resigned Asst. Keeper-$400 yr
Mrs. Merrill Hussey Cape San Blas 1869 resigned Asst. Keeper-$400 yr
Miss Viny Hughes Pensacola 1869-1870 resigned Asst. Keeper-$400 yr
Mrs. Frances M, McDonald St. Johns River 1871-1886 resigned Asst. Keeper-$400 yr
Mrs. Jane M. Donnelly Amelia Island 1871 removed Asst. Keeper-$400 yr
Mrs. Catherine Hobday Cedar Keys 1872-1879 died Asst.Keeper-$400 yr
Caroline Coons Egmont Keys 1873-1876 removed Asst. Keeper-$400 yr
Mary A. Carroll Key West 1876-1889 1889 died Asst. Keeper-$400, Keeper-1889-$$560
Martha C. Lawrence Pensacola 1880-1885 resigned Asst. Keeper-$375 yr
Mrs. Marie L. Fernandez Dames Point 1880-1882 position abolished Asst.Keeper-$400 yr
Kate H. Harn St. Augustine 1889-1890 resigned 2nd Asst. Keeper-$450 yr
Mary Eliza Bethel Key West 1891-1908,1908-1913 retired Asst. Keeper-$420, Promoted Keeper 1908-1913-$720 yr
Mrs. Sarah J. Fine St. Marks 1904-1910 Keeper-$600 yr

Some of the above List of women Keepers is from: U. S Coast Guard -- Women Lighthouse Keepers



AMERICAN SHOAL LIGHT
click image to see lighthouse today

♥Location: FLORIDA KEYS
♥Station Established: 1880
♥Year Current Tower(s) First Lit: July 15, 1880
♥Operational: Yes
♥Automated: Yes, 1963
♥Deactivated: N/A
♥Foundation Materials: Screw-pile with platform
♥Construction Materials: Iron
♥Tower Shape: Skeletal octagonal pyramidal
♥Height: 109-feet
♥Markings/Pattern: Brown with white column
♥Characteristics: White flash every 15 seconds; 2 red sectors
♥Original Lens: First Order Drum, Fresnel, 1880
♥American Shoal was built by a Trenton, New Jersey firm and took only 13 months to fabricate, ship, and erect on site.
♥The site of the lighthouse was 15 miles to the eastward, on the outermost reefs, and was covered with 4 feet of water.
♥Construction continued for about 2 years, and the tower when completed cost about $94,000.
♥ The light is visible on a clear night for 16 miles. In 1963 the lens was removed with automation and the light is now a solar powered 4th order lens.

Photo courtesy of:
U.S.Coast Guard







DOG ISLAND LIGHTHOUSE
( no longer exist)

First lit in 1839. It was undermined by storm-driven tides just 2 years later.
The 50 feet brick tower was pulled down and replaced with a wooden tower
that was destroyed by hurricane in 1851.
A third tower was burned by Union raiders during the Civil War. The fourth
and final one was destroyed in 1873 by hurricane.
Even the Island that it stood on since sunk beneath the Gulf of Mexico.
The light was replaced by the Crooked River Light.

Photo courtesy of:
U.S.Coast Guard






Left-Garden Key Lighthouse
Photo courtesy of: National Park Service

♥ Location: GARDEN KEY/DRY TORTUGAS
♥ Station Established: JULY 1824
♥ Year First Tower Lit: 4 JULY 1826
♥ Automated? 1912
♥ Deactivated: 1924
♥ Construction Materials: Brick (first tower); boilerplate iron (second tower)
♥ Tower Shape: Hexagonal (second tower)
♥ Height: 70 FEET
. ♥ Original Lens: 4TH ORDER

♥ Also known as the Tortugas Harbor light. This light, along with the Loggerhead Key light, were the only Gulf Coast towers that stayed in full operation throughout the Civil War.
♥ 1877: First tower razed; new tower, made of boilerplate iron, was erected atop a staircase in the fort and stands today.
♥ 1912: Station automated, with tanks of compressed acetylene replacing the butts of kerosene to fuel the lights.

Right-Hillsboro Inlet Lighthouse
Photo used with permission of author Jordon Kalilich

♥ Location: NORTH SIDE HILLSBORO INLET
♥ Station Established: 1907
♥ Year Current Tower(s) First Lit: 1907
♥ Operational YES
♥ Automated 1974
♥ Deactivated: N/A
♥ Foundation Materials: IRON PILING
♥ Construction Materials: IRON
♥ Tower Shape: OCTAGONAL SKELETAL W/CYLINDER
♥ Markings/Pattern: LOWER THIRD WHITE/UPPER BLACK
♥ Original Lens: SECOND ORDER BIVALVE, FRESNEL 1907





SANIBEL ISLAND LIGHT
POINT YBEL, SANIBEL ISLAND --

♥ Location: POINT YBEL, EASTERLY END OF SANIBEL ISLAND, AND THE WESTERLY SIDE OF THE ENTRANCE TO SAN CARLOS BAY AND THE PORT OF PUNTA RASA
♥Station Established: 1884
♥Year Current Tower(s) First Lit: 1885
♥Operational: Yes
♥Automated: Yes, 1949
♥Deactivated: N/A
♥Foundation Materials: Iron pile
♥ Construction Materials: Iron
♥Tower Shape: Square, pyramidal, skeleton, iron framework, inclosing stair-cylinder and surmounted by lantern; all brown. Two white dwellings near tower.
♥Markings/Pattern: Brown
♥Height: 98-feet
♥Original Lens: Third Order, Fresnel, 1884
♥Characteristic: Fixed white varied by a white flash every 2 minutes (1901)
♥ 1923 – Kerosene lanterns upgraded to acetylene gas.
♥1949 – U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service assume responsibility for the lighthouse and the out buildings.
♥1952 – TV antenna added to tower.
♥1962 – Lighthouse is electrified.
♥1974 – Keepers quarters and light tower placed on National Registry of Historic Places.

Photo courtesy of:
U.S.Coast Guard





Left-ST. JOSEPH POINT FRONT
RELOCATED FROM PORT ST. JOE/ST. JOSEPH BAY
Station Established: 1902 Current Tower(s) First Lit: 1902

Right-ST. JOSEPH POINT REAR
¹Originally a federal lighthouse The first St. Joseph Point Lighthouse, built in 1839,
was abandoned after a yellow fever epidemic followed
by a hurricane wiped out the town of St. Joseph in 1842.
A second lighthouse, only 41 feet tall and built in 1902,
marked the entrance to St. Joseph Bay.
From the lighthouse, the Coast Guard patrolled the Gulf Coast
during WW II, looking for enemy spies coming ashore in rubber
rafts.
A steel skeleton tower replaced the lighthouse in 1960.
The lighthouse was moved to Simmons Bayou in 1979 and
is a private residence that is not open to the public.

This info is from: Florida Memory Project

St. Joseph was know as the traveling lighthouse. The old house-styled
lighthouse has be moved, made into a barn, moved to become a private home, which
has been lovingly restored.





click image for current view

JUPITER INLET LIGHTHOUSE

♥ Location: LOXAHATCHEE & INDIAN RIVER JUNCTION
♥Station Established: 1860
♥Year Current Tower(s) First Lit: 1860
♥Operational: YES
♥Automated: YES 1928
♥Deactivated: N/A
♥Foundation Materials: OYSTER SHELLS
♥Construction Materials: BRICK
♥Tower Shape / Markings / Pattern: Tower of red brick, natural color; oil-house near tower. One-and-a-half story stone dwelling and two-story white dwelling.
♥Height: 146-feet
♥ Original Lens: FIRST ORDER, FRESNEL 1860
♥ Characteristic: Fixed white varied by a white flash every 90 seconds
♥ Building was designed by George Meade. Construction was interrupted by the 3rd Seminole War (1855 – 1858).
♥ Civil War - Confederates sabotaged the lens and rotating apparatus so that the lighthouse became inoperative.
♥1866 – The light was relit on June 28.
♥1886 – Life-saving station established near the lighthouse.
♥1879 – Lighthouse survived two earthquakes.
♥1910 – Due to deterioration, the exterior brick was covered with red-colored cement.
♥1928 – Lighthouse was electrified. Then, in September, a powerful hurricane knocked out the electricity forcing the keeper’s son (subbing for his injured father) to turn the rotating mechanism by hand. The hurricane also caused the lighthouse to sway 17” and the wind blew glass out of the lantern & broke one of the bulls-eyes in the lens.
♥ 1959 – Keeper’s house torn down and new quarters built.
♥ 1973 – Added to National Register of Historic Places.

Photo courtesy of:
U.S.Coast Guard




Alligator Reef Lighthouse

♥ Location: FOUR MILES EAST OF INDIAN KEY , NEAR MATECUMBE KEY
♥ Station Established: 1873
♥ Year Current Tower(s) First Lit: 1873
♥ Operational: Yes
♥ Automated: Yes, 1963
♥ Deactivated: N/A
♥ Foundation Materials: Iron pile with platform
♥ Construction Materials: Iron
♥ Tower Shape: Skeleton
♥ Height: 136-foot tower
♥ Markings/Pattern: White pyramidal framework on black pile foundation, enclosing square dwelling and stair-cylinder; lantern, black.
♥ Original Lens: First Order Bivalve, Fresnel, 1873
♥ Characteristic: Flashing white and red, every third flash red, from SW. by W. 1/2 W. through southward to NE. 1/8 E., and from NE. by E. 3/4 E. through northward to SW. 3/8 S.; flashing red throughout the intervening sectors; interval between flashes 5 seconds.

♥ The name honors the U.S. Navy Schooner "Alligator" which sunk at this location in 1822.

Photo courtesy of
U.S.Coast Guard




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[Augustin-Jean Fresnel -- Fresnel Lens] [Lighthouse Lights/Lamps] [Nils Gustaf Dalén] [The Lightkeeper -- Life and Duties]
[Some Florida Lighthouse Facts] [History of the Lighthouse] [Links & Resources]
Different/Unusual/Interesting Looking ... Shaped Lighthouse
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Preservation and Informational Lighthouse Sites
Florida Lighthouses. org
Florida Lighthouse Association

World
World Lighthouse Society

The American Lighthouse Coordinating Committee (ALCC)
The American Lighthouse
Coordinating Committee (ALCC)



American Lighthouse Fondation



Maritime Heritage -- Program National Park Service
Lighthouse Heritage


The Association of Lighthouse Keepers

U. S. Coast Guard -- LIGHTHOUSES,
LIGHTSHIPS AND AIDS TO NAVIGATION



World Lighthouse Society

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

--- Other Lighthouse Sites of Interest (Informational with Photos) ---


Lighthouse Friends

The Online List of Lighthouses

LighthousesRus
The Lighthouse Directory





~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~



Reference, Research and Source Information


Photos and information courtesy of: Exploring Florida
and
♥This info is from:
U.S.Coast Guard
LIGHTHOUSES, LIGHTSHIPS AND AIDS TO NAVIGATION


Information on Women Lighthouse Keepers is reconciled with the book
Keepers Of Florida Lighthouses 1820-1939
By Neil E Hurley

and

Women Who Kept the Lights
By Mary Louise Clifford and J. Candace Clifford

and

Information from U.S.Coast Guard
and other records and publications.

†This is an excerpt from:
the foreword by Sen. George J. Mitchell
of Great American Lighthouses
by F. Ross Holland, Jr.


¹Florida Lighthouse Association



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